Should Middle and High School Students Have Role in Evaluations?

Students need to contribute to the process.

Should Students Have a Voice?

Absolutely, they must!  Most students at the middle and high school level are looking for a sense of independence.  Students of this age are often at a point where they want to know why they should continue therapy, and if they continue, why they can’t decide what they need to work on.  In a school setting, the goals need to relate to a student’s educational and/or vocational needs.  There is so much more information that a therapist needs to know to determine a student’s perception of his or her abilities and further determines whether or not a student really needs to continue.  Standardized test scores, although important, are only a snap shot of the student’s abilities at the time the student participated in the assessment.  It is not a clear and thorough picture of the student’s ability to function in a classroom. 

I have often found that a student will provide more information if the questions are presented in a written format, particularly with sensitive areas, like activities of daily living, presented in checklist format.  Students will review the document, quickly at first, check an answer [which the therapist or teacher can expand on later] and then move on.  The written format provides a canvas, if you will, to create a dialogue with the student.  For example, let’s say that the student checks off that he or she can make a sandwich, ask the student how he or she makes that sandwich and you will get a better idea if he or she really is capable of making that sandwich. 

I have developed a written interview, which I began using with some of my students over the last few years.  I was able to better assess a student’s abilities and perceptions of being able to care for him or herself and support classroom skills.  It prevents that ‘oh no’ moment when something is revealed in a CSE meeting that you should know but don’t surfaces.  When interviewing a student verbally, many of those items are glossed over and the interview proceeds.  A written document is a bit impersonal and the student may just answer more truthfully and feel more comfortable in doing so. 

Let’s go back to that sandwich; a student checks off that he is able to make a sandwich.  Later, when reviewing the interview with the student, you ask, “How do you make that sandwich?”  The student lists all the items that he needs for the sandwich but is unable to describe how to actually make that sandwich.  This may indicate that a student has a form of dyspraxia or apraxia that has been addressed in other areas through years of therapy, but not yet in the area of self-care.  In very basic terms dyspraxia (problems with) or apraxia (unable to) refer to sequencing the steps to perform a skill. 

This is enlightening and indicates other areas need to be explored.  When evaluating a student, all methods of gathering information should be used.  Standardized and non-standardized testing is important but so is the interview of the student and the teacher.  On my website, I have included a checklist that both a teacher and a parent can complete to provide information on the student http://www.mseleanorsapples.com/Forms.html.  I have actually developed a questionnaire to give to a student, also available on my website http://stores.mseleanorsapples.com/StoreFront.bok .   The checklist [for teachers and parents] is free.  The Student Interview is available for a nominal cost and is able to be copied freely for each therapist or teacher once purchased.  

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Eleanor Cawley February 04, 2013 at 04:25 PM
I do think about how teens make decisions and often not the best decisions. However, if you just make them do something, without considering them then it just makes matters worse. It is not what The Student Interview is about. It is about gaining evaluation information in a less embarrassing way. If you embarrass a student, you lose them. Thank you for your comments. It is much appreciated. Eleanor
Eleanor Cawley February 04, 2013 at 04:32 PM
I also need to make one more comment. The blog clearly states that the reason for a student's participation is to gain info. It does not indicate a student's decisions are the be all and end all. Decisions for therapy are made on a committee basis with teachers, guidance counselors, therapists, chairperson, parent advocate, parent and student present. Sometimes, what a student says in a meeting is enlightening and sometimes not. If we don't give the student a chance then we will never know. Again, thank you for your comments. Eleanor
Free 2B Me February 09, 2013 at 02:33 PM
Children do play a role in evaluations, their performance. If their opinion played a role, we may as well have cupcake parties and no homework days. Oh and thanks for the link to your "nominal cost" opinion forms. This opinion was FREE.... 2b me. . .
Eleanor Cawley February 09, 2013 at 02:45 PM
Students do play a role in evaluations. We need to ask them about their skills. The purpose of the Student Interview is to gain information about their skills and their perceptions about their skills. If a student tells me that he or she can do one of the tasks that I look at as an OT and cannot do it when asked to perform it then I will know that their perceptions of their capabilities are off. Students often think they can do something and then when they try, they can't. That is what the student interview is really about. It is a way to gather information without having to embarrass a student. I can then confirm this information with the parent or ask the student to perform the skill that I may feel is in question. It has nothing to do with a student's opinion. Thanks for the comments, Enjoy digging out from the snow Eleanor
Eleanor Cawley February 09, 2013 at 02:50 PM
Oh and by the way, most of the forms are FREE!


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